Binary phase diagrams, Isomorphism system, Eutectic system, Peritectic system, Eutectoid system and Peritectoid system. Allotropic transformation. Lever rule and its application, Interpretation of solidification behaviors and microstructure of different alloys belonging to those systems, Effect of non-equilibrium cooling, coring and homogenization
Iron-cementite and iron-graphite phase diagrams, microstructure and properties of different alloys (alloy steels; stainless steel, tool steel, HSS, high strength low alloy steel) types of cast iron, their microstructures and typical uses. Specification of steel.
concept of heat treatment of steels i.e. annealing, normalizing, hardening and tempering; microstructural effects brought about by these processes and their influences on mechanical properties; factor affecting hardenability