DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
With almost every electronic project, one needs to measure certain parameters associated with the
device or circuit like voltage, resistance, current, or some signals, etc. For this purpose, one is
required to have the following tools:
A multimeter is quite important as it measures voltage, current, resistance, and other aspects of
electricity and circuits. Usually, these are small in size, run on batteries, and carry large digital
displays. There is also a knob to select the measurement function and a pair of test leads for
connecting the device to the circuit.
Although oscilloscopes may not be needed by hobbyists and beginners, these come
handy while learning electronics and troubleshooting circuits. An oscilloscope displays
time-varying signals like voltage waveform patterns on a screen which help in
visualizing the circuit functions.
While dealing with electronic components, beginners tend to make a lot of mistakes due
to lack of experience in connecting wires. So in almost every project, particularly for the
beginners, it is recommended to use breadboards and zero boards for establishing
connections. These prototyping tools include:
A breadboard is a flat plastic base with a matrix of holes in which wires and components
are connected. A breadboard is used to build prototype versions of sophisticated electronic
circuits by plugging wires, resistors, capacitors and other devices. This is helpful in
practicing as the connection is not permanent so that the wires can be plugged in and out as
per the needs.
Jumper wires are used on the breadboard to make connections among all the components.
These can be connected to separate boards or devices as they are generally compatible with
mm or 2mm headers.
A Zero Board or Zero PCB is a board with copper patches devoid of any
connections. In order to work on such a board, the user has to either solder the
components or connect them by soldering their legs to the wire.
|| Department of E& TC || B.P.I.T ,PHULBANI,ODISHA|| @ RSP BEHERA @ SSSAMANTA ||