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Lab Manual for Smart Grid - SG by mahaveer singh

  • Smart Grid - SG
  • Practical
  • Rajasthan technical university ,kota - RTU
  • Electrical Engineering
  • B.Tech
  • Uploaded 8 days ago
Mahaveer Singh
Mahaveer Singh
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MAHAVEER INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE JADAN PALI SEMESTER :- 6sem/3rd year NAME :- MAHAVEER SINGH DATE :-…………………….. EXPERIMENT -1 :_ Write detailed note on smart grid discuss the benefits and challenge in development of smart grid technologies in India write down the major national and global projects running foe development of smart grid technology. OBJECT Theory :Electrical Grid :- “An electric grid is a network of synchronized power providers and consumers that are connected by transmission and distribution lines and operated by one or more control centers”. HISTORY OF ELECTRICITY :➢ Thomas Edison – the father of Direct Current (DC) Distribution ➢ Nicola Tesla – the father of Alternating Current (AC) Distribution ➢ Tesla’s inventions for long distance AC distribution were commercialized in competition against Thomas Edison’s short distance DC distribution system. ➢ Eventually AC won the day due to its lower cost and higher efficiency in distributing electricity over long distances. ➢ Sir Adam Beck – the father of Ontario’s electrical power system. ➢ Beck believed in “publically owned power at cost to the people”. ➢ Beck built the power system with government debt which was paid back in user fees over the lifetime of the assets. What makes the Grid ‘Smart’ “The digital technology that allows for two-way communication between the utility and its customers, and the sensing along the transmission lines is what makes the grid smart”. Customer prospective :➢ If you already manage activities such as personal banking from your home computer, imagine managing your electricity in a similar way. Ex. Customer will no longer have to wait for monthly statement to know how much electricity he use. ➢ With a smarter grid, he can have a clear and timely picture of it. "Smart meters“. Page | 1

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MAHAVEER INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE JADAN PALI NAME :- MAHAVEER SINGH SEMESTER :- 6sem/3rd year DATE :-…………………….. ➢ Can able to see how much electricity you use, when you use it, and its cost. Combined with real-time pricing, this will allow you to save money by using less power when electricity is most expensive. ➢ Smart Grid has the potential to help you save money by helping you to manage your electricity use and choose the best times to purchase electricity.And you can save even more by generating your own power Customer prospective. Duties of smart grid :➢ More efficient transmission of electricity. ➢ Quicker restoration of electricity after power disturbances. ➢ Reduced operations and management costs for utilities, and ultimately lower power costs for consumers. ➢ Reduced peak demand, which will also help lower electricity rates. ➢ Increased integration of large-scale renewable energy systems. ➢ Better integration of customer-owner power generation systems, including renewable energy systems. ➢ Improved security. Smart Grid Components Major components of smart grid are classified as follows ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ Smart Infrastructure Smart Communication Smart Management Smart Protection The smart infrastructure system is further divided into two parts 1.Smart energy system ➢ Power Generation ➢ Transmission ➢ Distribution 2.Smart information system ➢ Smart metering • Sensors ➢ Phasor measurement units (PMU) ➢ Information management Page | 2

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MAHAVEER INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE JADAN PALI NAME :- MAHAVEER SINGH SEMESTER :- 6sem/3rd year DATE :-…………………….. SMART GRID BENEFITS 1. Saving money: Through advance metering, utilities are able to provide demand response programs, which are designed to assist energy users in cutting back on power usage during heat waves and cold spells by reducing peak-demand periods on the grid, saving you money. 2. Managing energy consumption: Digital metering is allowing individuals to moderate their household energy usage and reduce demand. It gives access to their electric consumption data, especially during high-energy usage peaks, which help energy users make better informed energy choices. 3. Energy reliability: Digital meters are enabling utilities to provide more reliable energy service which decreases the amount of electric outages. Smart meters can electronically report the location of an outage before a person will ever have to call their utility, making restoration faster and status notification to individuals much easier. 4. Protecting the environment: The smart grid can cut air pollution from the electric utility sector as much as 30 percent by 2030, saving 34,000 deaths a year. Also, the smart grid ensures that renewable power sources like wind farms, solar plants and hydro stations can be integrated. Yearly energy savings from the smart grid could equal 70 million road trips around the world or driving an electric car 1.7 trillion miles. Page | 3

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